U.S. stocks on Tuesday took a breather after a two-day rally, with earnings from major companies starting to roll in. Market participants also digested economic data on manufacturing.
By afternoon, Wall Street’s three major indices were trading mixed. The tech-heavy Nasdaq Composite (COMP.IND) was down 0.25% to 11,335.46 points, while the benchmark S&P 500 (SP500) was 0.19% lower to 4,012.29 points.
The blue-chip Dow (DJI) was up 0.03% to 33,639.41 points.
Of the 11 S&P sectors, six were trading in the red, led by Health Care and Energy. Industrials and Financials were the two gainers.
All three major averages had posted solid gains on Friday and continued that advance in Monday’s session, rebounding from a spate of losses last week spurred by economic data that sparked slowdown worries.
“Risk assets got the week off to a very strong start yesterday, with the S&P 500 (+1.19%) at a 7-week high as investors awaited a raft of earnings reports over the coming days,” Deutsche Bank’s Henry Allen said.
“However, just as equities were surging to fresh highs for 2023, there were also growing concerns about a potential US recession, with the Conference Board’s leading index for December falling by a larger-than-expected -1.0% (vs. -0.7% expected). So that’s a further negative signal after last week’s downbeat releases on retail sales and industrial production, and one that will increase the focus on today’s flash PMIs for January,” Allen added.
On Tuesday, the S&P Global Composite PMI reading for January showed a contraction in U.S. business activity for a seventh straight month, though at a more moderate pace. Meanwhile, the January Richmond Fed manufacturing survey came in at -11 versus an expected figure of -5.
Earnings news took most of the spotlight on Tuesday.
3M (MMM) was the biggest percentage loser on the S&P 500 (SP500) and the Dow (DJI), after the manufacturer issued a disappointing sales outlook. Meanwhile, Travelers (TRV) was the biggest percentage gainer on the Dow despite its earnings dropping from a year ago.
“It is too early in earnings season to draw conclusions about the state of the economy,” David Bahnsen, CIO at The Bahnsen Group, wrote. “Revenue guidance that companies issue for 2023 is a key indicator about the health of the economy, as it tells you exactly how well the business is doing, which is a more important metric than earnings guidance, which tells you about how well the company manages costs.”
“If the market bottomed on October 12, 2022, it will be one of the highest valuation troughs in history, as the S&P 500 was trading at about 17x earnings at that time, and bear market bottom multiples are historically much lower than that.”